Isro lines up big-ticket Sun, Chandrayaan-3, Gaganyaan missions for launch in 2023 | India News


NEW DELHI: In 2023, Isro will launch big-ticket interplanetary missions like Aditya L1 Sun and Chandrayaan-3, besides the first uncrewed Gaganyaaan mission. The space agency also has plans to conduct the first runway landing experiment of the reusable launch vehicle early next year from the aeronautical test range in Karnataka’s Chitradurga.
The year 2022 was equally significant for India’s space sector as Isro not only launched five crucial missions, including a launch dedicated to a foreign customer (OneWeb), but also helped the launch of India’s first privately-produced rocket built by a Hyderabad-based startup, Skyroot Aerospace. The year also witnessed the establishment of the country’s first private launchpad set up by another startup, Agnikul Cosmos, at the Isro launch centre complex in Sriharikota.
From 2014 to December 2022, Isro, under the Modi government, has launched 44 spacecraft missions, 42 launch vehicle missions and five technology demonstrators.
Isro is planning to launch the Aditya Sun mission in the early months of 2023. The spacecraft will be placed in a halo orbit around the Lagrange point 1 (L1) of the Sun-Earth system, which is about 1.5 million km from our planet. A satellite placed around the L1 point has the advantage of continuously viewing the Sun without any occultation or eclipses. The mission will include the study of the Sun’s corona, chromosphere and photosphere, particle flux, emanated from it, and variation in magnetic field strength.
The agency is also scheduled to launch its third lunar mission, Chandrayaan-3, in June 2023, which is essential for India’s future interplanetary explorations. The lander-rover mission will rely on the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter, which is already circling the moon. The agency has made several changes to the lander system in order to fix the glitch that led to the crashlanding of the Chandrayaan-2 lander on moon on September 7, 2019. A successful soft-landing on the moon will make India the fourth country to do so and first to do so near the lunar South Pole.
The first uncrewed mission of Gaganyaan expected in the last quarter of 2023 aimed at validating the performance of the human-rated launch vehicle, orbital module propulsion system and recovery operations. It will be followed by another unmanned mission and finally the 3-crew manned mission.


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